Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide for many years scientists and researchers have worked around the clock to try and find cures for every type of cancer to the present day we are still learning about the deadly disease, and without a cure we are left watching out for signs and symptoms that can help lead to a diagnosis take ovarian cancer for example.

According to Statistics Canada was estimated to have 2800 cases of this cancer and 1,750 deaths from those cases in 2016, the United States was estimated to have 22,208 new cases in a total of 14,240 deaths in 2016, the reason why there is such a high death total is that this cancer is incredibly hard to diagnose, there are currently no tests that can be done to diagnose it, and the symptoms are often mistaken for other diseases, however, new research has indicated that there are promising signs and symptoms of early ovarian cancer.

Before I get into the early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer, here is a little bit of information about the disease there are 3 types of ovarian cancer.

First, you have the epithelial tumors, which start on the tissue that is found outside of the ovaries, almost 90% of ovarian cancer cases are epithelial tumors.

Next, you have the stromal tumors they start on the ovarian tissue that is responsible for producing hormone cells, these tumors are diagnosed at early stages and about 7% of ovarian tumors are stromal.

The last type is germ cell tumors they start in the egg-producing cells, generally, this type of tumor only occurs in younger women, it’s important to understand the risk factors, associated with ovarian cancer as well as its various stages and different treatment options available to women.

Understanding more about ovarian cancer can help you know what types of things to look out for in the event that you are worried you may be at risk for ovarian cancer.

Risk factors: let’s take a look at risk factors for ovarian cancers first, like most diseases there are certain risk factors that need to be taken into consideration when talking about ovarian cancer, take your age, for example, anyone can be diagnosed with ovarian cancer, but those who are 50 to 60 years old, have a higher risk of being diagnosed with it, also, it is possible to inherit the gene mutation that causes it the gene is breast cancer gene 1, and breast cancer gene 2.

Other risk factors associated with ovarian cancer include being overweight or obese studies suggest that women who are obese may have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer, and obesity may also affect the survival chances of a woman who has developed ovarian cancer, this is why it is important to visit your doctor if you are obese or overweight to find out how you can improve your lifestyle to reduce your risk of developing ovarian cancer as well as other types of cancer.

Studies also state that women who have children after the age of 35 have a higher risk of ovarian cancer, while other studies suggest that women who take hormone therapy after menopause (for example as Virginie) may be more at risk of developing ovarian cancer, women who take estrogen without progesterone, are more likely to develop ovarian cancer as opposed to women who take both estrogen and progesterone.

Diagnosis: as I mentioned there is no test that can show ovarian cancer, but there are other tests that can help doctors make a decision, the first test is an imaging test that includes an ultrasound or CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen, these two tests can help tell the size and shape of a woman’s ovaries, the second test is a blood test that can detect a protein (ca-125) that is usually found in ovarian cancer.

Cases stages of ovarian cancer.: There are four stages of ovarian cancer.

Stage one of ovarian cancer is when the cancer is found in one or both ovaries

Stage two is when cancer has begun to spread to other areas of the pelvis in

Stage three cancer has now spread to the abdomen

The final stage is when the cancer is found outside of the abdomen.

Treatment: there are various different types of treatment options available for women who have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, the type of treatment a woman receives depends on how advanced cancer has become, treatments for ovarian cancer include local treatments which treat the tumor, this may include surgery to remove them too
or even radiation therapy.

Systemic treatments, on the other hand, reach the cancer cells which are located anywhere in the body, this type of treatment is given in the form of drugs, and can be taken in a pill form or injected into the bloodstream, different types of drug treatment for ovarian cancer include chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy.

Treatment plans vary depending on the type of ovarian cancer a woman is diagnosed with and the stage of cancer she is in, most women who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer received surgery to remove the tumor while other forms of treatment will vary depending on how advanced the cancer is for more information about treatment for ovarian cancer consult with your doctor today.

Now let’s explore the most common early signs of ovarian cancer, here are 4 early Cancer Symptoms that every woman needs to know.

Number 1 constant bloating

If you are experiencing constant bloating that is not out of the ordinary (usually lasting three weeks or longer), this could be a sign of ovarian cancer, the best thing to do in this situation is to consult your doctor and get a proper diagnosis.

If you are experiencing unusual bloating that lasts more than three weeks, you should speak to your doctor to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer or any other types of cancer, particularly if you are over the age of 50 or if there is a history of breast or ovarian cancer in your family, which can put you at a higher risk of developing those types of cancer.

Number 2 pain in your pelvis or lower abdomen.

It is normal for women to feel pain in their stomach, pelvis and abdomen area during menstruation but when that pain does not subside long after the woman is done menstruating, it could be a sign of ovarian cancer, this sign is particularly important for women to watch out for because it is often mistaken for period pain.

If you experience any unusual pain in your pelvis, lower abdomen or even feel fatigued in your legs, it is best to speak to your doctor, in addition to pain in your pelvis or lower abdomen, another symptom of ovarian cancer is extreme fatigue.

If you are feeling extremely tired or weak, or your body and muscles do not feel as strong as they used to monitor your body, if this continues over a period of weeks, it is best to consult your doctor, be sure to mention any other unusual health issues or symptoms you may be experiencing

Number 3 eating issues

If you notice that you are becoming less hungry over a 3-week span, you should go consult your doctor, it could be issued with your stomach or intestines, but it could also be a sign of ovarian cancer, so it’s best not to leave it up to chance.

In addition to losing your appetite, another common symptom of ovarian cancer is a constant feeling of being full, increased weight loss or excessive weight gain, in addition to these types of eating issues, you may also experience heartburn and gastrointestinal issues such as burping.

Other symptoms or signs of ovarian cancer include constipation, diarrhea, nausea, indigestion, and heartburn if you are experiencing issues with weight loss or gain, or have noticed that you have developed unusual or painful stomach issues, speak to your doctor immediately to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer.

Number 4 urgent need to urinate

If you notice that you are constantly running to the bathroom to urinate and you have made no changes to the amount of liquid you consume, this could be an early sign of ovarian cancer, Also, if you feel fine one minute and two minutes later you are running to the bathroom.

It could be a bladder infection but also ovarian cancer, there are many different symptoms which are associated with ovarian cancer some more common symptoms of ovarian cancer, include severe fatigue, difficulty eating, pain during intercourse, unusual vaginal bleeding, unexplained weight gain.

If you notice one or more of any of these symptoms, or any of the symptoms listed in this articles, speak to your doctor today to rule out any health conditions or problems you should also be sure to eat a nutrient-rich diet and include some sort of exercise regimen into your life while also going for regular doctor’s visits to ensure that your health is in good shape what other early symptoms of ovarian cancer do you know about that weren’t mentioned in this articles? let us know in the comments section below